Mallow queen, Lavatera - Lavatera trimestris

Mallow queen, Lavatera - Lavatera trimestris



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Generality

The genus lavatera includes numerous annual and perennial herbaceous plants, native to Europe, America and Asia; Lavatera trimestris, also known as queen mallow is an annual species, native to Mediterranean Europe, which forms large bushes. It has large, five-lobed, dark green leaves that grow along a fleshy, erect, bright green stem, on which, in summer, beautiful bell-shaped flowers, pink, white or red, with contrasting colored veins bloom. The stem reaches 90-100 cm in height, but there are many more compact garden hybrids with small leaves. L. olbia is a variety of lavatera perennial, with pink flowers.


Exposure

Queen mallow plants need a lot of sun to grow smoothly and produce lots of flowers; does not mind the semi-shaded positions. In order to have abundant blooms it is necessary to expose the plant of lavatera trimestris in places where it can receive direct sunlight for a few hours during the day. If grown in a shady location, it will have a much lower flowering.


Watering

The queen mallow does not need too frequent watering, tolerating even short periods of drought without problems, so water when the soil is dry, without exceeding the quantity. Check that no stagnations of water form, which are unhealthy for the development of the plant and can cause fungal diseases or root rot.

Every 15-20 days, add fertilizer for flowering plants to the watering water.


Ground

Lavatera trimestris plants prefer loose soils, very well drained, rich in organic matter; use balanced soil, mixed with sand and expanded clay or perlite, to increase drainage, a determining factor for the correct growth of the specimens. soils that are too compact and that allow the formation of stagnant water are not recommended since they do not allow the development of the queen mallow.


Multiplication

The multiplication of this kind of plant occurs by seed, using the seeds of the previous year in spring; sow in seedbeds in February or March, in the open ground from May to June. When planting the lavatera trimestris seedlings, be very careful not to damage the delicate roots, leaving the bread of earth that covers them intact, to prevent them from being damaged and not allowing the new seedlings to take root.


Malva regina, Lavatera - Lavatera trimestris: Pests and diseases

Sometimes this variety is affected by aphids, which spoil the flowers and leaves. If you notice the signs of their presence, it is good to intervene promptly to prevent these parasites from causing the onset of serious diseases, since they weaken the defenses of the plant. There are numerous specific products on the market that can be used profitably, but it is also possible to resort to natural remedies, such as a water-based preparation in which a head of garlic has been macerated, to be vaporized on plants that show signs of attack. . Another natural compound can be prepared with water and Marseille soap in the amount of a teaspoon per liter of water, always to be sprayed on the affected specimens.


Video: Lavatera bicolor maritima - Mallow