Stanophea

Stanophea



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Generality

Stanophea orchids are a large family consisting of about fifty species of orchids, mainly epiphytes, native to Central and South America. They have oval, fleshy pseudobulbs, from which a single, elongated, shiny and fleshy leaf grows, deeply marked by a central vein. In summer they produce a pendulous inflorescence composed of one or more large, very fragrant, yellow, red or orange flowers. The flowers last a few days, but the plants often bloom several times a year.


Exposure

Stanophea orchids need to be grown in places with very high brightness, but away from direct sunlight which could cause burns on the leaves and damage the plant. It cannot stand the cold and therefore in winter they should be brought indoors or in a temperate greenhouse, where temperatures remain around 15-20 ° C; often a little cooler night temperatures favor flowering. They need good ventilation.


Watering

These orchids need large quantities of water, which must be administered regularly, avoiding letting the substrate dry out. In winter, slightly reduce watering as during the cold season, the water needs of our orchids are drastically reduced. Every 20-25 days provide a specific fertilizer for orchids, mixed with the watering water to be administered regularly. In the hottest periods of the year, vaporize the leaves with demineralized water to favor the optimal development of our beautiful orchids.


Ground

To obtain beautiful seedlings, it is important to choose the most suitable type of soil for our orchids. Then use a compound for orchids, consisting of pieces of bark, sphagnum and vegetable fibers; usually they are placed in hanging containers, to better bring out the large pendulous inflorescence. These plants of great beauty are in fact ideal for making the garden, courtyard or house unique, lively and welcoming. For this reason, it is also advisable to choose pots of a certain type to increase the overall aesthetic impact of the flowering of these orchids.


Multiplication

If you want to get new seedlings of this species, it is good to know what are the main reproduction techniques to use for our orchid. In fact, according to the type of plant, it is advisable to prefer one mode of reproduction rather than another. The multiplication of the ochidea Stanophea can take place by dividing the tufts of pseudobulbs, taking care to leave a vigorous root for each portion practiced, to favor the rapid development of the new plant.


Stanophea: Parasites and diseases

Referring to the theme of diseases and parasites, we can say that a poorly drained substratum and poorly ventilated cultivation conditions undoubtedly favor the formation of root or collar rot; also the cochineal sometimes damages the buds of the Stanophea compromising its growth and development. In these cases, limit irrigation based on atmospheric conditions and never leave the soil too wet; to eliminate the cochineal instead, use a cotton swab soaked in alcohol or rely on the numerous specific pesticide products to combat the cochineal.


Video: Stanhopea tigrina Glory of Mexico