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Welcome to the area of our site dedicated to climbing plants.
These are plants that are characterized by a very long and flexible stem that needs to lean on a support in order to grow. This ability to "climb" is vital for these plants in environments where sunlight is covered (for example by other trees in forests).
As is known, in the most common solutions, this type of plants is famous and used for its characteristic of growing vertically on walls, pergolas, partition walls etc.
In this section you will find numerous factsheets on individual climbing plants, their cultivation and care. By clicking on the list in alphabetical order below, you can access the descriptive cards on the various climbing plants, the most visited of which are:
* Wisteria (Wisteria)
If, on the other hand, you want to know some general indications on the cultivation of vines or their pruning, ... continue
Other related news: Climbing
Plumbago - Plumbago auriculataThe plumbago is a climbing plant much appreciated by those who practice gardening ... let's find out together what are its best features
Bougainvillea bougainvilleaVisit the card of Our site dedicated to bougainvillea, its care and cultivation, and the techniques for treating the most common problems of this plant
Clematis - ClematisCultivation sheet of Clematis, a very widespread and easy to grow climber, very large and showy flowers in spring and summer
IvyIvy is a climbing plant widely used in the garden, as well as on balconies and terraces, to cover trellises and pergolas and create a covering effect. The rapid growth of ivy and its fo
Wisteria - Wisteria floribunda
Climbing honeysuckleOne of the most beautiful vines to grow in the garden is the honeysuckle and in this sheet we explain all the details for its cultivation
Passion flower - PassifloraPassiflora is also known as passion flower: plant of sub-tropical origin of over 500 types, particularly delicate and streaked ruby red color
Canadian vineThe Canadian vine is a very vigorous creeper much used in covering house facades, especially in those Provence style houses, and also used for covering and beautifying
Jasmine from MadagascarMadagascar jasmine is an evergreen climbing plant that produces a distinctive flowering.
Jasmine at night - Solanum jasminoidesBeautiful flower and beautiful plant that is cultivated for its colors and because it climbs .. discover all the secrets of jasmine at night
Evergreen jasmine - Trachelospermum jasminoides
continue ... , we recommend the following articles:
* Climbing plants
* Climbing pruning What characterizes the plants climbing plants it is their tendency to grow upwards. They develop in this way to avoid competition from other plants and to rise from the ground, often made shady by other specimens. Their posture can be exploited in the garden for multiple purposes: cover elements, hide unpleasant walls, give verticality and create green or colored backgrounds.
They can be defined climbing plants multiple types of plants with actually very different conformations from each other and, above all, different methods for climbing upwards. Our approach will therefore have to be different and we will have to give them different supports.
They cling to walls and supports through small suction cups, so they do not need supports. The most classic examples are ivy, the Canadian or American vine.
They are the simplest climbers to treat and do not require special attention, if not containment pruning. You just have to be careful not to place them on too delicate supports because the suction cups could damage the masonry or plaster.
Climbers with twining stems
They climb through tendrils and enveloping stems. To grow, therefore, they need a support that can be a net, a trellis or simple wires fixed in succession. The most representative plants are honeysuckle, clematis, sweet pea, morning glory (annual) and wisteria.
plants with long, very supple (at least initially) branches (shoots) which, in order to grow (in nature), lean on other plants (typically trees). The most representative of this category are the single flowering sarmentose roses. Another example is Solanum Crispum.
Over time the branches can also become very woody and heavy, so the support must be stable. They always need to be carefully monitored and possibly pruned. This is first of all because the support could give way (especially if there are heavy snowfalls during the winter). Furthermore, the creeper, if placed on another plant (usually old fruit trees) could suffocate it with its weight.
Plants that do not normally climb, but which can be adapted to an enlarged shape by tying them to a support on a wall or on fences. In this category we can include the Callistemon (a lover of particularly warm walls) and the climbing mutations of some shrub roses (generally modern climbing roses, with more blooms during the year).
First of all, if we want to obtain a good result over time, we must choose the climber that's right for us.
It is necessary to take into consideration whether it will be placed in the ground or in a vase, the support we will have available, the result we want to obtain (only leaves or even flowers, how much it must be covering, deciduous or evergreen leaves) and the exposure we will be able to offer him. Only by evaluating all these factors in advance will we be able to have satisfactory results without the need for continuous maintenance or excessively incurring parasites or various diseases.
In general, vines are sold in pots and therefore can be planted at any time of the year. However, it is better to avoid these jobs during the summer because the plant would be more fragile and would need continuous watering. Continuous initial irrigations can lead to various problems, but, first of all, they would not allow the correct root development and consequent strengthening of the plant.
Even the coldest months of the year are not suitable, when the ground is frozen because air bubbles can be created and the ground is not easy to work.
The creepers sold with bare roots (usually roses and shrubs), on the other hand, should be planted during the winter, always avoiding the coldest periods.
By far, it can be said that the best times for planting are late autumn and the end of winter.
Before planting the plant, it is first necessary to fix the support well.
Then we have to dig the hole, at least twice the size of the bread of earth. The walls need to be made less compact by working them with a pitchfork.
The hole must not be close to the support, but at least 20-30 cm away which will also become 45 cm if it is a wall. In fact, the roots must have space to grow and the soil must receive rainwater.
It is advisable to place a draining layer composed of gravel on the bottom of the hole, to avoid water stagnation, cover it with a layer of earth and insert a good amount of organic fertilizer (the ideal is the cornunghia, very rich in slow-release nitrogen and in phosphorus) that not only provide nutrients for the plant, but also microorganisms that make the soil vital.
For this purpose it may also be useful to open the holes well in advance (a few weeks).
Note: clematis need to be planted very deeply since (having undergrowth as a natural habitat) they do not like having the base hit by the sun. For this it will be necessary to bury a large part of the base of the plant.
On top of the fertilizer it is necessary to put an additional layer of earth (to prevent the roots from being damaged by direct contact with the soil improver) and then place the bread of earth. If the root system is too developed and has formed a compact network, it is better to proceed by opening it and possibly resizing it slightly.
Finally cover with earth and compact it as much as possible. Water abundantly.
The plants must be guided with canes bent at 45 ° towards the support. They must be kept until the specimen is stably attached to it.
The pruning of climbing plants aims to create balanced plants, to make them completely cover the support and to obtain abundant blooms.
It is necessary, especially during the first years, to follow the growth carefully, to cut the weak branches and those that go in the wrong direction. It is also important to “top them” so that they branch out more.
In any case, however, it is better to follow specific indications for your plant.
To get beautiful blooms you need to know how and when to prune them.
In general, there are two types of development and flowering:
1) Plants that bloom on new branches of the year. They can therefore be pruned even severely and will always give us good results.
2) Plants that bloom on secondary branches (i.e. that arise from old branches, such as rose bushes). Pay close attention to pruning, respecting the structure of the plant. With too drastic pruning we risk having little bright blooms and only on the top. It is necessary to set the plant as “fan” as possible to stimulate the growth of secondary branches from the internodes. These will then bring most of the flowers.
Clearly over time it will be necessary in any case to intervene also at the base by gradually eliminating the oldest and unproductive branches to stimulate the base to create totally new ones and the base to be totally renewed.
In addition to this, it is necessary to mulch the plants abundantly before winter, to protect the base from frost and, always every year, to make a good dose of organic fertilizer to be integrated during the vegetative period with a slow release synthetic fertilizer to favor its Growth and Flowering: Many gardeners often look for creepers to decorate a trellis, house facade or wooden pergola. The vines are in fact very elegant and give the house or the wooden accessory a very particular, very natural aspect, able to recreate an atmosphere of relaxation and harmony given by the combination of construction elements and natural elements. For reasons of practicality and in order not to find themselves in the winter with the facades of the house or with the bare pergolas, many climbing enthusiasts are looking for evergreen species able to guarantee a minimum ornamental value even in winter. Let's see together which evergreen climbers can be easily grown in our country:
- CLEMATIS; there are some species of clematis that are evergreen such as Napaulensis, Apple blossom, Winter Beauty, Little White Charm, particular varieties of clematis that can cover canopies and pergolas all year round with their foliage
-BOUGAINVILLE; bougainville is classified as a semi-evergreen climber, that is, it is one climbing plant which keeps the leaves only in years particularly favorable to its characteristics, or in warm winters. Obviously in the vast majority of areas of our country it is not cultivated as deciduous.
-JASMINE; jasmine is a climbing plant evergreen which, in addition to growing luxuriantly and having very beautiful dark green leaves, offers a full and fragrant flowering between April and May.
-BIGNONIA; bignonia or campsis radicans is an evergreen climbing plant which, besides being extraordinarily rustic and easy to grow, produces beautiful trumpet flowers from June until the end of summer.
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