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Garden plants

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In this section we talk about shrubs.

A collection of detailed sheets on the different species grown in our gardens.

Tips for the right choice based on the needs of your flower bed.

Each sheet contains detailed technical information on soil preparation, climatic zones of origin, posture and growth, the right fertilizations and pruning techniques.

Particular varieties and cultivars are also described; suggestions for the creation of flower beds with the association of species that have complementary aesthetic and agronomic characteristics. provides a complete guide for those who want to learn about shrubs and their uses in garden design

Among the most sought after plants in this section we can point out:



Ibiscus (most used common name)



With the term shrubs, ... continue

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continue ... , it is usual to indicate an outdoor plant in which there is a woody trunk from which, near the ground, the branches start or in which the trunk is not present at all. The height of these plants does not exceed 5 meters.All perennial species belong to the category of shrubs, with a height not exceeding 5 meters:

Medium height shrubs : commonly called "bush", are those shrubby plants that exceed one meter in height, may have a shrub bearing but sometimes also tolerate a sapling breeding: for example the broom (Spartium junceum) lends itself well to being used in a bush shrubs located close to a shore, or to form a small tree with a central stem that bears a yellow flowering crown in April.

They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings.

To this category belong many species of the genus Spirea, Viburnum, Weigelia, Cornus, Evonimus and many others.

Ground cover shrubs : they are species with a prostrate or creeping posture, suitable for covering portions of land, or to be used as borders. They usually do not exceed 50 cm in height, they can be evergreen or deciduous. They are usually used with a high planting density to create a sort of vegetal carpet. Ideal for greening areas of the garden where the lawn has difficulty taking root.

They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings, very often they produce adventitious roots and can reproduce by offshoots

To this category belong some Lonicera and Cotonaster, the Rosmarinus o. prostratus, Vinca minor and some rock garden species such as Plhox.

Shrubs with herbaceous stems : all those plants that do not have a woody stem, but are made up exclusively of green parts. The effect created by combinations of different herbaceous plants is very suggestive and usually the blooms are splendid as in the case of Hemerocallis.

Using these plants correctly inside a flower bed enriches the geometries and colors; only drawback: in winter the epigeal part disappears completely, leaving a "hole" in your flower beds.

The particular conformation of the roots almost always allows the multiplication by division of the rhizomes or cutting of the tufts. Among the best known herbaceous plants are the Hemerocallis, the Liriopi, the Agapanto, the Tubalucce and all the plants known by the name of grasses such as Carex and Mischantus.

Acidophilic shrubs: due to the particular agronomic needs they require, they deserve a separate category. Acidophilic shrubs need an acidic or sub-acid pH to thrive. For this reason, a flowerbed that will host these species must be prepared with particular care: the addition of organic amendments such as acid peat and leonardite and acid reaction fertilizers such as potassium sulphate.

They multiply mainly by woody and semi-woody cuttings.

To this special category belong the Azaleas, Rhododendrons, Heather and Hydrangeas.

The art of the gardener consists in selecting the right plants from each of these categories and planting them side by side to form splendid harmonies and colors.

To do this, you need a thorough knowledge of each species you want to use.

First of all the needs in terms of soil, not only pH but also soil texture: the broom tolerates clayey and calcareous soils well, while an azalea wants a well-drained and acidic soil.

It is good practice to combine plants with similar agronomic characteristics.

It is also necessary to know the growth and development and to know how to imagine how the plants will look after a few years; tall plants will never be placed in front of low ones and plants that do not tolerate full sun positions should be combined with plants that will produce large bushes in order to provide them with the right shade.

The knowledge of the time of flowering and color allow instead the right choice from an aesthetic point of view (testing the artistic skills of aspiring gardeners)

It is possible to design flower beds with gradual flowering and obtain a flowery effect for the whole season or to combine shades of the same shade of pink and purple to obtain particular chromatic effects. Sometimes the right choice is made of single-variety flower beds that create real spots dominated by a single color, exploiting the effect of quantity to amaze and strike; other times combinations of 3 or 4 colors generate an unexpected effect even by the designer himself.

Finally, also analyze the relationship between plants and the animal kingdom.

Wisteria and lavender will attract many hymenoptera including the dangerous Vespa Crabro, while Nandine and hawthorn will provide food for the birds.

Browse the guides of Our site and learn about the characteristics of each plant, compare them, group them and have fun designing your favorite flowerbed. To become good gardeners you need passion, sensitivity for life in all its forms and a lot of study.

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