Chicken breeds: Sumatra

Chicken breeds: Sumatra



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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Fairly rare (not very prolific) Asian breed, originally from the island of Sumatra (Indonesia).
For her aggressive behavior she is also known as Sumatra Fighter.
It is bred for exposure, thanks to its graceful shape and the beautiful black plumage with greenish metallic reflections.
White skinned flesh and white eggshell.

Morphological characteristics

The typical variety has a black coat with greenish metallic reflections; other varieties are black with golden cape and wild.
Head with pea compound crest.
Short and black beak. Wattles almost absent.
Wide abdomen and back.
Wide tail, carried horizontally. Pens of exceptional length.
Medium and dark legs.
Medium weight:
- Roosters 2.0 - 2.5 kg
- Hens 1.75 - 2.25 kg

Rooster of Sumatra breed

Sumatran hen

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin
Very ancient breed originating from the Sunda Islands; imported from North America to Europe in 1882.

Egg
Minimum weight 53 g.
Shell color: white or yellowish

Ring
Rooster: 18
Hen: 16

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Medium-sized chicken with a shape reminiscent of the pheasant, with fine shapes with a typology that tends to that of the fighter; of medium height and with slightly inclined posture posteriorly; abundant plumage and quite long tail, with feathers as wide and as wide as possible.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: elongated and cylindrical; mighty.
Head: small, broad forehead; pronounced eyebrows, slightly protruding.
Beak: short, powerful and black.
Eyes: brown iris as dark as possible, without however reaching a black uniris. Darker in the hen.
Crest: pea-shaped, red with blackish shades; small and well implanted. Darker in the hen.
Bargigli: very short; the ideal just developed, which let you see the bare throat; dark red to blackish.
Face: blackish; adorned with small and fine feathers. Darker in the hen.
Mumps: poorly developed and thin; dark red to blackish.
Neck: medium length and richly feathered; carried vertical; very wide lanceolate.
Shoulders: slightly prominent.
Back: medium length and slightly inclined. Fairly long croup with many broad and lanceolate.
Wings: closed, tightly closed to the body and high flow rates.
Tail: richly feathered; long sickles and as wide as possible, with hard rachis and which curve only in the second half; presence of numerous small and medium-sized sickles; horizontal range, but without rubbing the ground. In the narrowest and longest hen possible; horizontal capacity with very wide helmsman and coverts.
Chest: wide and slightly raised.
Legs: medium length legs; powerful. Medium length tarsi with fine flakes; dark olive color up to green-black, with yellowish sole of the foot; multiple spurs: also allowed in the hen. Medium-length fingers.
Belly: tall and underdeveloped.

2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 2.0 - 2.5
HEN: Kg. 1,75 - 2,25

Serious faults: body too short, too narrow or too coarse. Exaggeratedly long and creeping tail; too soft or poor plumage; light red face; clear tarsi; sole of the foot white or pink.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: long, wide and rigid.

IV - COLORS

BLACK
GALO and GALLINA
Deep black with strong scarab green reflections.
Serious defects: absence of green reflections.

BLACK WITH GOLDEN CAPE
GALLO and GALLINA
Intense black background color with strong scarab green reflections. In the rooster red cape or some red lanceolate. More or less red on the small coverts of the wings and back. In the hen head and cape with red mixed and visible. A little red in the breast plumage is tolerated. Pure black coat.
Serious defects: absence of green reflections.

WILD
COCK
Blackish brown head. Cape and brown-red croup with black flames. Shoulders, small wing coverts and dark red-brown back. Primary black remiges. Black secondary remiges with brown outer edge that forms the wing triangle. Wing bands and black tail with green reflections. Chest, belly and black legs.
HEN
Plumage of the head almost black. Blackish cape with narrow brown-red edging. Plumage of the brown coat with light rachis, black feather border and very thick green reflections with black peppering. Salmon breast up to chestnut brown. Gray-black belly and legs. Black helmsman.
Serious defects: strongly incorrect color; absence of the wing triangle in the cock.


Video: Sumatra schwarz, Lipsia-Schau Leipzig 2013, Sumatra chicken