Fruit trees: Passiflora

Fruit trees: Passiflora



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Generality

There are many species of Passiflora (Family of Passifloraceae), all native to tropical America. The best for production purposes is the Passiflora edulis Simson, grown mainly in Brazil, South Africa and Australia. It has a scalar flowering and fruiting as the flowers are emitted as the branches grow longer.
The species Passiflora edulis, unlike other passiflores that are self-incompatible, manages to produce even if grown alone.
Pollination and entomophila. The fruits are berries, varying in color from purple to yellow, and contain numerous small seeds immersed in a yellow gelatinous mass.

Cultivation technique

It adapts quite well to the climate of Sicily where, in winter, it must be protected as it suffers temperatures below 0 ° C. It prefers fresh and loose soils and does not tolerate water stagnation.
It is suitable for being espalier, pergola and awning. It requires 4-6 irrigation interventions per year and a fertilization of 150 kg / ha of nitrogen, 50 of phosphorus and 200 of potassium, distributed twice. The plant lasts three years and can start producing from the first. The maximum production occurs in the second year.
There are two main varieties of maracujá (Passiflora edulis sims and Passiflora edulis var. Flavicarpa), whose fruits differ in size and color of the skin, respectively red (morato) or yellow.
Passiflora edulis flavicarpa has larger fruits than the morato fruit but is less rustic and less resistant to cold.

Passiflora fruits (photo https://www.fratelliorsero.it)

Productions

The fruits are intended for fresh consumption or for the industry for the production of aromatic juices that enter the composition of special drinks. Also known as passion fruit, in the variety it takes the name of Maracuja.

Adversity

Maracuja (website photo)


Video: 5 Tips How To Grow a Ton of Passionfruit From ONE Passion Fruit!